A step by step guide to knitting the anything but basic, Betty.
Ever gotten half way through a project and thought “Hang on, am I even doing this right?”
We have 🙋♀️
That’s why we’ve created these step by step overviews to help guide you through the knitting process. At each stage we’ll show you how each section of your piece should look, and at the end, how to sew it all together. Voilà!
YOUR CARDIGANG PATTERN
Learning to knit can feel like learning code. We've stripped away the complicated jargon and tried to keep things really simple. If your head is still spinning a little, here's a handy video to help you better understand the layout of your pattern.
If you're a total knitting newbie - WELCOME! 🧶 Before we get started on the pattern it’s a good idea to learn the basic stitches you’ll need to complete your masterpiece. You can use the yarn that came in your kit to practice with, just be gentle with the yarn - it’s super fine so will break if it’s worked too hard or too many times. We’ve put the below video together to cover the basics. Learn how to cast on, do a knit stitch, a purl stitch and put them together to create a 1x1 rib stitch, lastly we learn casting off. Once you've got these mastered you'll find this pattern is a cinch!
💭 For more detailed videos of each technique, head down a little further where we've got specific videos for each stitch type.
🏅🧶 You got this! ⚡️💪
Remember learning a new skill can be a little hard at first and you’re bound to find yourself making some mistakes along the way. But as with learning anything, your brain and your hands slowly start to get the hang of it, muscle memory is created, and soon the thing you found tricky/daunting/scary is like second nature!
If you get stuck, reach out to us and we'll give you a hand! 😎
TEST YOUR TENSION
It’s a good idea to check that the tension (how tightly or loosely your knitting is) is in line with what we need. We knit a “tension swatch” to make sure the tension is juuuust right. It's a bit like goldilocks, if the tension is too tight, your jumper will be too small, and if it's too loose it may not hold it's shape and might be too big.
If done correctly, your 10x10cm knitted swatch should be 7 stitches wide and 9 rows high. To test this, jump on your needles, cast on around 12 stitches, then knit in stockinette stitch (row 1 knit, row 2 purl) for around 10 rows. Then get a measuring tape and measure out 10x10cm and count your stitches and rows to make sure you're knitting at the correct tension.
You can knit the Betty in size 1-2 (AU6-10) or 2-3 (AU12-16). Your pattern is read like this: 1-2 (2-3).
Lying flat your piece will measure:
📏 Size 1-2: 60cm w x 49cm h
📏 Size 2-3: 69cm w x 55cm h
WHAT YOU’LL NEED
Your kit comes with everything you need to knit your masterpiece. To knit Betty you’ll use;
10mm circular needles - we use these for the rib at the bottom, on the cuffs and the neckline
15mm straight needles - these are to knit the body of your jumper
1 x ball of colour 1
5 x balls of colour 2
Darning needle - this is used to sew your masterpiece together and weave in loose ends
THE TECHNIQUES YOU’LL MASTER
We recommend using the two needle technique. Two needle cast on uses your two needles (surprise!), starting with a slip knot on your left needle, each stitch is knitted to form a new loop and this loop is then added to your left needle. You repeat until you’ve made the desired number of stitches. To see casting on in action watch our "Master The Basics" video above.
💭 Casting on, like many things in knitting, can be done in a number of ways - our suggestion is a simple technique but you can pick any that’s right for you.
This handy little stitch makes up the backbone of most knitting patterns. Each knit stitch looks like a little ‘v’.
The second most common stitch, purl stitches look like little bumps (or purls!). Where you knit a knit stitch with your yarn tail at the back of your work and your needle going into the back of the stitch, the purl is the opposite, so your yarn tail is at the front of your work and your needle goes into the front of the stitch.
Stockinette Stitch (or stocking stitch) is a basic stitch that most knitting patterns often don't explain! When knitting flat, you create stockinette stitch by knitting one row and purling the next. This means all of your knit stitches (the little Vs) will be on the right side of your jumper.
1x1 rib stitch is a textured pattern usually used on the cuffs and necks of jumpers. It’s made by alternating knit and purl stitches in the same row, then knitting the same stitch sequence in the next row. When doing your rib stitch it’s important to make sure your yarn is on the correct side of your needles (at the back for knit stitches and at the front for purl stitches). To see rib stitch in action watch our "Master The Basics" video above.
To cast off, knit two stitches then slip the first stitch on your right needle back over the second stitch and off the needle. You’ll have one stitch left on your right needle. Knit another stitch so you’ve got two stitches on your right needle and then slip the first stitch off. Continue to the end of the row. When you’ve got the last stitch on your right needle, cut the yarn and thread this through the final stitch to secure. To see casting off in action watch our "Master The Basics" video above.
OKAY, LET’S KNIT UP A STORM!
We start with the back panel, it’s the simplest piece of the knit and will give you the confidence as you move onto other pieces. We knit from the bottom up, stating at the rib and going up to the shoulders.
Cast on the required number of stitches using your 10mm circular needles and colour 1 yarn.
Once you've cast on the right number of stitches you move on to the rib. We knit the rib following the instructions in your pattern. Remember to create a rib we knit 1 stitch, then purl the next. Make sure you’re moving your yarn tail from the back to the front of our stitch to ensure the stitch is executed correctly.
Next, we move onto using our 15mm straight needles and into stockinette stitch. This is also where we change colours.
To switch to a different size needle we just hold the new needle (in this case the 15mm straight needle) in our right hand and knit onto the stitch on your 10mm needle in your left hand. Simple!
We always change colours at the end of a row. Watch the video below to see how.
We’ll work the allocated rows of stockinette stitch.
Once we've worked the rows of stockinette we need to cast off our stitches to finish the back piece.
Step 1 - 4:
Nice work, you're onto the front piece! Now the front is identical to the back until you get up to shaping the space for your head hole.
Okay, so we're now going to shape the neckline and to do this, we split the work into two shoulders and a space for the head hole. So you're on a purl row, so you'll purl the allocated number of stitches, then you'll purl two together to decrease the number of stitches in our row.
To knit/purl stitches together you simply pick up two stitches with your right needle (instead of one as you normally would), and knit/purl them like you would a single stitch.
Next you'll turn your work over. You'll have a bunch of stitches left on your left needle that you haven't knitted yet- that's fine. Leave them on your needle, for now, we're working up the first shoulder.
This is what it look like when you've done two rows of shoulder one, ignore the colours, this is the Bec!
Step 7 - 8:
Continue shaping your first shoulder.
Cast off those stitches and your first shoulder is done!
Next you'll rejoin your yarn to the stitch closest to the end of your left needle. Tie a knot with your yarn tail around the base of that stitch. You're ready to keep knitting!
First, we're going to cast off some stitches to create that head hole. Follow the instructions for casting off in the videos above. Then continue onto the second shoulder, purling two stitches together and then purling to the end of the row.
This is how it should look after you've cast off your middle stitches and finished row one of shoulder two:
Step 12 - 14:
Continue knitting the second shoulder in stockinette stitch.
Cast off the second shoulder. Front panel D.O.N.E!
Onto the sleeves. You'll do two of theses 😎🧶
We start at the top of the sleeve and knit down.
Using your 15mm straight needles and colour 2, cast on the correct number of stitches.
We're going to knit in stockinette stitch for the allocated number of rows. This should be a cinch by now! 💪
To get the balloon shape in our sleeve, we're going to decrease some stitches before we knit the cuff. You'll knit two stitches together all the way along the row so you've got 18 left on your needle at the end of the row.
Step 4 - 5:
Once that’s done you'll change colours back to colour 1, and swap to the 10mm needles to start your rib stitch.
Cast off your stitches. When you cast off make sure it’s not too tight otherwise you’ll have a really tight wrist hole!
SEWING IT TOGETHER
Now it’s time to get to work with the darning needle to sew your masterpiece together. We lay our pieces flat and sew them together one by one.
Lay your front and back pieces on a flat surface, the right sides facing you.
Step 2 (blue):
Sew the shoulder panels together using the invisible seam technique, and leaving the hole for your head.
Step 3 (yellow):
Time to attach the sleeves to the body. Make sure the middle of your sleeve is lined up with the shoulder seam. This will ensure the seam of your sleeve is right under your armpit, not half way around your arm! Once you've made sure it's all lined up, sew the sleeves to the shoulders.
Step 4 (orange):
Fold your jumper in half so it looks like the shape of a T. With the wrong sides facing each other, we're going to sew it together using a Mattress Stitch, from the cuff all the way up the arm to the arm pit, then down the side seam to the bottom of your jumper. And then repeat this on the other side.
💭 We suggest trying to match the colour yarn you use to the jumper to keep it as invisible as possible. It's normal for the wool to get a bit shabby as you go, so we recommend using a few pieces and tying them together underneath as you go!
We're SO CLOSE! I can see the finish line 🎢🙌
We knit the neck ‘in the round’. This means we use the circular needles and knit in a loop instead of knitting back and forth on a row.
The neck is knitted with your contrast colour in 1x1 rib stitch - you’ll be pretty good at this now!
So first things first. We pick up 36 stitches in equal distance from around the neck hole using our 10mm circular needles. See the video below to see how this is done. Once you’ve got all your stitches on your needles you join the loop together and start the rib stitch. It’s a good idea to loop a hair tie or spare piece of yarn over your needle as a stitch marker so you can keep track of each loop.
Knit in the round until you’ve completed 6 loops then cast off.
💡 Now this part is critical! Cast of extra loosely!! You need a loose cast off in order to be able to fit your head through the hole. Rib stitch has a stretch to it, but if you cast off too tightly you'll have a hole that's too small for your head to fit through. Been there, done that and DON'T recommend 😝
The last thing we do for every piece is weave in the ends. That’s basically just tidying up the piece so all loose ends are trimmed down and tucked in.
We'd 💕LOVE💕 to see how you go! Share your masterpiece with us by tagging @cardigang_knits on Instagram or by sending us an email at email@example.com
Until next time! 😘🧶
Morgan & Cat xx