The Helen Cardigan

The Helen Cardigan

A step by step guide to knitting the beautiful Helen Cardigan.

Ever gotten half way through a project and thought “Hang on, am I even doing this right?”

We have 🙋‍♀️

That’s why we’ve created these step by step overviews to help guide you through the knitting process. 

At each stage we’ll show you how each section your cardi should look, and at the end, how to sew it all together. Voilà! We’ve also included videos covering the main techniques and stitches you'll use. So head on down to the bottom of the page if you just need a quick visual reference.


Helen's a beautiful babe with a tendency to be slightly clumsy. She likes to keep up to date with the latest gossip and is a bit of a celebrity around town. A garter stitch knit, she's very beginner friendly and with a contrast band of ribbed she's got just enough detail.


Learning to knit can feel like learning code. We've stripped away the complicated jargon and tried to keep things really simple. If your head is still spinning a little, here's a handy video to help you better understand the layout of your pattern. 


    Before we dive in let's check that the tension is in line with what we need. We knit a swatch to make sure the tension is juuuust right. It's a bit like goldilocks, if the tension is too tight, your jumper will be too small, and if it's too loose it may not hold it's shape and might be too big. 

    If done correctly, your 10x10cm swatch should knit 7 stitches and 9 rows.


    Before we get started, learn all the basics with our how to video. This one covers Casting on, 1x1 Rib stitch, Knit stitch, Purl stitch and Casting off. Once you've got these mastered you'll find this pattern is a cinch! 


    You can knit the Helen in size 4, 5 or 6. Each piece of the cardi is knitted flat, at the end we'll stitch each panel together to make your cozy masterpiece. Your pattern is read like this: 4 (5, 6).


    Okay guys, so we start with the back panel, it’s the simplest piece of the knit and will give you the confidence as you move onto other pieces.

    We knit from the bottom up, stating at the rib and going up to the shoulders. 

    First, we cast the required number of stitches using your 10mm circular needles. We recommend using the two needle technique. Two needle knit cast on uses your two needles (surprise!), starting with a slip knot on your left needle, each stitch is knitted to form a new loop and this loop is then added to your left needle. You repeat until you’ve made the desired number of stitches. 

    💡 Casting on, like many things in knitting, can be done in a number of ways - our suggestion is a simple technique but you can pick any that’s right for you. 

    Once you've cast on the right number of stitches you move on to the rib. We knit the rib following the instructions in your pattern.

    1x1 Rib Stitch is a textured pattern usually used on the cuffs and necks of jumpers. It’s made by alternating knit and purl stitches in the same row, then knitting the same stitch in the next row. When doing your Rib Stitch it’s important to make sure your yarn is on the correct side of your needles (at the back for knit stitches and at the front for purl stitches.)

     Once we've finished the allocated amount of rows, we switch to the 15mm straight needles.

    💡 To switch to a different size needle we just hold the new needle in our right hand and knit onto it.

    Once all stitches are on your right needle you turn your work over and continue to knit with the second 15mm needle.

    You'll work the rest of the allocated rows in Garter stitch.  

    Garter Stitch (or stocking stitch) is a basic stitch that's created by knitting every stitch in every row. Simple right?! 😎


    Changing your yarn colour is easy. When you get to the end of the row, you simply secure the end of the old and new balls together by tying a loose knot with the new yarn around the tail of the current colour and sliding it up to the needle. Tighten the knot at the needle and start knitting the new row with the new colour yarn. 

    When you've finished the last row of garter stitch on the back panel you cast off your stitches. 

    To cast off, knit two stitches then slip the first stitch on your right needle back over the second stitch and off the needle. You’ll have one stitch left on your right needle. Knit another stitch so you’ve got two stitches on your right needle and then slip the first stitch off. Continue to the end of the row. When you’ve got the last stitch on your right needle, cut the yarn and thread this through the final stitch to secure.


    Now onto the front panels. We're going to knit two front panels, your left and right. They are identical so no need to worry which is which. 

    The front panels are knitted up in the same way as the back, starting at the rib and working up through garter stitch.


    Okay, onto the arms! You'll need two of these too! 😊

    Now for these we start from the top of the arm and work down. We knit this piece flat just like the front and back.

    Using your 15mm needles, you'll cast on in the same way you've done for the front and back panels. Complete the allocated number of rows of garter stitch before you get to the first decrease row.

    In this pattern we decrease stitches along the length of your sleeve so you get a nice tapered look down the arm. 

    To decrease a stitch we just knit two stitches together. So instead of picking up one stitch, you'll pick up two with your right needle and knit as usual. 

    Follow the pattern, working through the allocated number of rows of garter stitch, decreasing your stitches along the way. 

    When you get to step 16 you'll do a final decrease before you knit the sleeve rib. Once that’s done you swap to the 10mm needles and complete your rib stitch in colour 1.

    💡 When you cast off make sure it’s not too tight otherwise you’ll have a really tight wrist hole.


    Now it’s time to get to work with the darning needle to sew your masterpiece together. We lay our pieces flat and sew them together one by one.

    Step 1: Lay your front and back pieces on a flat surface, the right sides facing you. 

    Step 2: Sew the shoulder panels together using the invisible seam technique, and leaving the hole in the middle for the open front of the cardi.

    Step 3: Time to attach the sleeves to the body. Make sure the middle of your sleeve is lined up with the shoulder seam. This will ensure the seam of your sleeve is right under your armpit, not half way around your arm! Once you've made sure it's all lined up, sew the sleeves to the shoulders. 

    Step 4: Fold your cardi in half long ways with the wrong sides facing each other, we're going to sew it together using a Mattress Stitch, from the arm cuff all the way up the arm to the arm pit, then down the side seam to the bottom of your jumper. And then repeat this on the other side. 

    💡 It's normal for the wool to get a bit shabby as you go, so we recommend using a few pieces and tying them together underneath as you go!

    We've included handy videos below for both the invisible seam and mattress stitch.


    The last thing we do for every piece is weave in the ends. That’s basically just tidying up the piece so all loose ends are trimmed down and tucked into the back of your work. You use the seams here to weave those ends in so they are nicely hidden away. 


    Don't worry, YouTube was our best friend when we taught ourselves how to knit.

    Here are some videos that should be helpful but feel free to go searching for your own. There are a number of techniques people use for a lot of the common stitches in knitting so there's no one right way.

    Find what works for you! If you get stuck, reach out to us and we'll give you a hand! 😎

    Testing your gauge 

    Casting On


    Knit Stitch

    Purl Stitch

    1x1 Rib Stitch 

     Stockinette Stitch

    Decrease a stitch 

    Casting Off

    Changing colours

    Sewing together